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This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.


The mask-size CSS property specifies the sizes of the mask images. The size of the image can be fully or partially constrained in order to preserve its intrinsic ratio.

Note: If the value of this property is not set in a mask shorthand property that is applied to the element after the mask-size CSS property, the value of this property is then reset to its initial value by the shorthand property.

Initial valueauto
Applies toall elements; In SVG, it applies to container elements excluding the <defs> element and all graphics elements
Computed valueas specified, but with relative lengths converted into absolute lengths
Animatableyes, as a repeatable list of , a simple list of , a length, percentage or calc(); when both values are lengths, they are interpolated as lengths; when both values are percentages, they are interpolated as percentages; otherwise, both values are converted into a calc() function that is the sum of a length and a percentage (each possibly zero), and these calc() functions have each half interpolated as real numbers.
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar


/* Keywords syntax */
mask-size: cover;
mask-size: contain;

/* One-value syntax */
/* the width of the image (height set to 'auto') */
mask-size: 50%;
mask-size: 3em;
mask-size: 12px;
mask-size: auto;

/* Two-value syntax */
/* first value: width of the image, second value: height */
mask-size: 50% auto;
mask-size: 3em 25%;
mask-size: auto 6px;
mask-size: auto auto;

/* Multiple values */
/* Do not confuse this with mask-size: auto auto */
mask-size: auto, auto;
mask-size: 50%, 25%, 25%;
mask-size: 6px, auto, contain;

/* Global values */
mask-size: inherit;
mask-size: initial;
mask-size: unset;


A {{ cssxref }} value scales the mask image to the specified length in the corresponding dimension. Negative lengths are not allowed.
A <percentage> value scales the mask image in the corresponding dimension to the specified percentage of the mask positioning area, which is determined by the value of mask-origin. The mask positioning area is, by default, the area containing the content of the box and its padding; the area may also be changed to just the content or to the area containing borders, padding and content. Negative percentages are not allowed.
A keyword that scales the mask image in the corresponding directions in order to maintain its intrinsic proportion.
A keyword that scales the image as large as possible and maintains image aspect ratio (image doesn't get squished). The image is letterboxed within the container. The image is automatically centered unless over-ridden by another property such as mask-position.
A keyword that is the inverse of contain. Scales the image as large as possible and maintains image aspect ratio (image doesn't get squished). The image "covers" the entire width or height of the container. When the image and container have different dimensions, the image is clipped either on left/right or  at top/bottom.

The interpretation of possible values depends on the image's intrinsic dimensions (width and height) and intrinsic proportion (ratio of width and height). A bitmap image always has intrinsic dimensions and an intrinsic proportion. A vector image may have both intrisic dimensions and thus it has an intrinsic proportion too. It also may have one or no intrinsic dimensions and in either case it might or might not have an intrinsic proportion. Gradients are treated as images with no intrinsic dimensions or intrinsic proportion.

The rendered size of the mask image is then computed as follows:

If both components of mask-size are specified and are not auto:
The mask image renders at the specified size.
If the mask-size is contain or cover:
The image is rendered by preserving its intrinsic proportion at the largest size contained within or covering the mask positioning area. If the image has no intrinsic proportion, then it is rendered at the size of the mask positioning area.
If the mask-size is auto or auto auto:
If the image has both intrinsic dimensions, it is rendered at that size. If it has no intrinsic dimensions and no intrinsic proportion, it is rendered at the size of the mask positioning area. If it has no dimensions but has a proportion, it's rendered as if contain had been specified instead. If the image has one intrinsic dimension and a proportion, it's rendered at the size determined by that one dimension and the proportion. If the image has one intrinsic dimension but no proportion, it's rendered using the intrinsic dimension and the corresponding dimension of the mask positioning area.
If mask-size has one auto component and one non-auto component:
If the image has an intrinsic proportion, then render it using the specified dimension and compute the other dimension from the specified dimension and the intrinsic proportion. If the image has no intrinsic proportion, use the specified dimension for that dimension. For the other dimension, use the image's corresponding intrinsic dimension if there is one.  If there is no such intrinsic dimension, use the corresponding dimension of the mask positioning area.

Formal syntax


<bg-size> = [ <length> | <percentage> | auto ]{1,2} | cover | contain




Specification Status Comment
CSS Masking Level 1
The definition of 'mask-size' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support ? No support[1] ? ? ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? No support[1] ? ? ?

[1] Gecko currently doesn't implement this feature. See bug 1251161.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: Simplexible, Prinz_Rana, PushpitaPikuDey, Sebastianz
 Last updated by: Simplexible,